Latvia, a Baltic nation situated in Northern Europe, is a treasure trove for architecture enthusiasts. Buildings and styles spanning across nearly eight centuries adorn the cities and towns of this small nation where castles and cathedrals built in the Roman and gothic styles by the Germans and yet more castles and sprawling gardens built by the Russians in the olden times lend an air of antiquity. At the turn of the century, the style of Art Nouveau took precedence and even to this day, Riga, the capital of Latvia, is known for its impressive Art Nouveau architecture. More recently however, Latvia has taken a step forward, forgoing the Soviet era box-type modernism that took root during the troubled war times, to embrace glass facades and eclectic structures, with the National Library of Latvia leading this state-of-the-art architecture emergence.